forgot password

encyclopedia of health Get your personal health analysis
Welcome to the Truestar Health Encyclopedia the most comprehensive information database available on health, wellness, food, nutrition, vitamins and supplements. Use of our encyclopedia will enable you to make well-informed, responsible decisions for the promotion of your own health and wellness.
Enter search items    

Venlafaxine

Also indexed as: Effexor

Illustration

Venlafaxine is a drug used to treat depression. It is unrelated to other drugs used to treat depression.

Summary of Interactions with Vitamins, Herbs, and Foods
In some cases, an herb or supplement may appear in more than one category, which may seem contradictory. For clarification, read the full article for details about the summarized interactions.

Avoid Avoid: Adverse interaction—Avoid these supplements when taking this medication because taking them together may cause undesirable or dangerous results.

5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP)*

L-tryptophan*

Sour date nut (Ziziphus jujube)

St. John’s wort*

Check Check: Other—Before taking any of these supplements or eating any of these foods with your medication, read this article in full for details.

Sodium

Depletion or interference

None known

Side effect reduction/prevention

None known

Supportive interaction

None known

Reduced drug absorption/bioavailability

None known

An asterisk (*) next to an item in the summary indicates that the interaction is supported only by weak, fragmentary, and/or contradictory scientific evidence.

Interactions with Dietary Supplements

5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) and L-tryptophan
Venlafaxine, a potent serotonin reuptake inhibitor, has been associated with several cases of serotonin syndrome.1 2 3 4 5-HTP and L-tryptophan are converted to serotonin in the brain, and taking them with venlafaxine may increase venlafaxine-induced side effects. While no interactions with venlafaxine and 5-HTP or L-tryptophan have been reported, until more is known, people taking venlafaxine are cautioned to avoid 5-HTP or L-tryptophan.

Sodium
One case was reported of a 79-year-old woman with depression treated with venlafaxine who experienced hyponatremia (abnormally low blood levels of sodium).5 It remains unclear whether this interaction has any but rare ramifications.

Interactions with Herbs

Sour date nut (Ziziphus jujube)
There is one published report of a woman collapsing after taking venlafaxine in combination with the Chinese herbal remedy sour date nut (Ziziphus jujube),6 although she tolerated venlafaxine by itself without side effects. People taking venlafaxine should not take sour date nut.

St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum)
Although there have been no interactions reported in the medical literature, it is best to avoid using venlafaxine with St. John’s wort unless you are under the supervision of a qualified healthcare professional.

Interactions with Foods and Other Compounds

Food
Venlafaxine is recommended to be taken with food.7

Alcohol
Venlafaxine may cause dizziness or drowsiness.8 Alcohol may intensify these effects and increase the risk of accidental injury.9 To prevent problems, people taking venlafaxine should avoid alcohol.

References:

1. Brubacher JR, Hoffman RS, Lurin MJ. Serotonin syndrome from venlafaxine-tranylcypromine interaction. Vet Hum Toxicol 1996;38:358–61.

2. Weiner LA, Smythe M, Cisek J. Serotonin syndrome secondary to phenelzine-venlafaxine interaction. Pharmacotherapy 1998;18:399–403.

3. Bhatara VS, Magnus RD, Paul KL, Preskorn SH. Serotonin syndrome induced by venlafaxine and fluoxetine: a case study in polypharmacy and potential pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic mechanisms. Ann Pharmacother 1998;32:432–6.

4. Diamond S, Pepper BJ, Diamond ML, et al. Serotonin syndrome induced by transitioning from phenelzine to venlafaxine: four patient reports. Neurology 1998;51:274–6.

5. Ranieri P, Franzoni S, Rozzini R, Trabucchi M. Venlafaxine-induced reset osmostat syndrome: case of a 79-year-old depressed woman. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol 1997;10:75–8.

6. Stewart DE. Venlafaxine and sour date nut. Am J Psychiatry 2004;16:1129–30.

7. Threlkeld DS, ed. Central Nervous System Drugs, Antidepressants, Venlafaxine. In Facts and Comparisons Drug Information. St. Louis, MO: Facts and Comparisons, Mar 1995, 263r–3x.

8. Threlkeld DS, ed. Central Nervous System Drugs, Antidepressants, Venlafaxine. In Facts and Comparisons Drug Information. St. Louis, MO: Facts and Comparisons, Mar 1995, 263r–3x.

9. Threlkeld DS, ed. Central Nervous System Drugs, Antidepressants, Venlafaxine. In Facts and Comparisons Drug Information. St. Louis, MO: Facts and Comparisons, Mar 1995, 263r–3x.

All Indexes
Health Issues Men's Health Women's Health
Health Centers Cold, Flu, Sinus, and Allergy Diabetes Digestive System Pain and Arthritis Sports Nutrition
Safetychecker by Drug by Herbal Remedy by Supplement
Homeopathy by Remedy
Herbal Remedies by Botanical Name
Integrative Options
Foodnotes Food Guide by Food Group Vitamin Guide
Become a Sales Superstar
Learn how to earn more by selling
more and closing with higher ratios